Sutherland, (Alexander) George
- (1862-1942)Born in England, George Sutherland moved to the United States with his family in 1864 and settled in Utah. Sutherland was educated at Brigham Young Academy and graduated in 1881. In 1896, he was elected as a Republican senator in Utah’s first state legislature and became chair of the judiciary committee. In 1900, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives and 1905 was appointed to the U.S. Senate, where he established a national reputation as a legal expert and leading opponent of Woodrow Wilson. He was defeated in the election of 1916.In 1922, Sutherland was appointed to the Supreme Court by President Warren Harding. He wrote the majority opinion in Adkins v. Children’s Hospital, ruling against minimum wage legislation for women, a decision that was overturned against his dissent in West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish in 1937. While he voted with the other conservative justices—Willis Van Devanter, James McReynolds, and Pierce Butler—against most of the New Deal measures, Sutherland also wrote the majority decision in 1936 recognizing that the president had substantial powers in foreign policy matters deriving from needs of international relations. He also wrote the majority opinion overturning the conviction of the Scottsboro Boys in Powell v. Alabama in 1932 and concurred with the ruling that a tax on newspaper advertising was an unconstitutional restraint of the press. Although suffering ill-health, he refused to retire until after President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s attempt at “court packing” had been defeated. He finally retired in 1938.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.
Look at other dictionaries:
SUTHERLAND, Alexander (1852-1902) — miscellaneous writer and philosopher was born at Glasgow on 26 March 1852. Both parents were Scotch, his father, George Sutherland, a carver of ship s figure heads, married Jane Smith, a woman of character and education. The family came to… … Dictionary of Australian Biography
Alexander Sutherland (footballer) — Infobox Football biography playername = Alexander Sutherland fullname = Alexander George Sutherland height = height|ft=5|in=6 dateofbirth = birth date and age|1987|9|7 cityofbirth = Wick countryofbirth = Scotland currentclub = Inverness CT… … Wikipedia
Alexander Sutherland — (26 March 1852 9 August 1902) was a Scottish Australian educator, writer and philosopher.Sutherland was born at Glasgow, both parents were Scottish, his father, George Sutherland, a carver of ship s figure heads, married Jane Smith, a woman of… … Wikipedia
Sutherland (disambiguation) — Sutherland is an area in Highland, Scotland. Scottish emigrants used the name for several places around the world:* Sutherland, New South Wales, Australia mdash; a suburb of Sydney * Sutherland Shire mdash; local government area in the Sydney… … Wikipedia
Alexander Carrick — Alexander Carrick, painting by the Aberdeen artist D.M. Sutherland. Alexander Carrick 1882–1966 was one of Scotland’s leading monumental sculptors of the early part of the 20th century. He was responsible for many architectural and ecclesiastical … Wikipedia
Sutherland, George — ▪ United States jurist original name Alexander George Sutherland born March 25, 1862, Stony Stratford, Buckinghamshire, Eng. died July 18, 1942, Stockbridge, Mass., U.S. associate justice of the United States Supreme Court (1922–38).… … Universalium
George Munro, 5th Baron of Foulis — was the seventh traditional chief of the Scottish, Clan Munro.There is no longer any existing conemporary evidence for George s existence, however according to early 18th century historian Alexander Nisbet there was once proof of his existence.… … Wikipedia
George Gordon, 4. Earl of Huntly — (* 1514; † 28. Oktober 1562 nach der Schlacht von Corrichie) war ein Angehöriger des schottischen Hochadels. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Leben 2 Der Aufstand von 1562 2.1 Der Konflikt mit … Deutsch Wikipedia
George Cambridge, 2nd Marquess of Cambridge — George Francis Hugh Cambridge, 2nd Marquess of Cambridge, GCVO (11 October 1895 ndash; 16 April 1981), known as Prince George of Teck until 1917 and as Earl of Eltham from 1917 to 1927, was a descendant of the British Royal Family. He was the… … Wikipedia
George Douglas Campbell, 8. Duke of Argyll — George Campbell, 8. Duke of Argyll George John Douglas Campbell, 8. und 1. Duke of Argyll KG, PC (* 30. April 1823 auf Ardencaple Castle in Helensburgh; † 24. April 1900 auf Invera … Deutsch Wikipedia