Sweatt v. Painter

(339 U.S. 629 1950)
   Herman Sweatt was an African American who was rejected by the University of Texas when he applied for admission to the Law School in 1946. When Sweatt filed a lawsuit claiming that he was being denied the rights guaranteed under the Fourteenth Amendment, the university established a separate law school for African Americans, as approved by the Supreme Court in Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada in 1938. Sweatt refused to accept this, and in Sweatt v. Painter in June 1950, the court found in his favor, recognizing that the university could not make a separate provision that was equal in quality to its main law school. This decision, along with McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents, was an important step toward the landmark ruling against segregation in pubic schools in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka in 1954.
   See also Civil rights.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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