Swope, Gerard

   Gerard Swope was an engineer with the Western Electric Company in Chicago, Illinois, who served as an assistant to George W. Goethals during World War I. In 1919, he joined General Electric as president of its international operations and became chairman of General Electric itself in 1922. With Owen Young as chairman, Swope took control of day-to-day running of the company and with great attention to detail helped increase sales and production through increased efficiency and a reduced workforce. Swope, who had lived and worked at the Hull House settlement in the 1890s, was instrumental in the introduction of policies of “welfare capitalism” but was unsuccessful in gaining employee approval for an unemployment insurance plan.
   In response to the Wall Street Crash, Swope proposed the “Swope Plan” in 1931, which called upon companies to organize by industry and agree on codes of fair competition with agreed working hours and conditions in return for the suspension of the Sherman Antitrust Act. Elements of the plan were discernable in the New Deal’s National Recovery Administration (NRA). Swope chaired the Department of Commerce’s Business Advisory and Planning Council formed to advise the NRA in 1933. He later worked toward the implementation of social security and labor relations legislation and was a member of the National Labor Relations Board. He accepted union recognition within General Electric between 1936 and 1939, and after his retirement in 1939 he served as chair of the New York City Housing Authority. He briefly returned to General Electric during World War II. After the war, he chaired the Institute of Pacific Relations looking at U.S. foreign policy in the Far East.
   See also Trade Unions.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • SWOPE, GERARD — (1872–1957), U.S. electrical engineer and industrialist. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, where his father was a watchcase manufacturer, Swope became fascinated with electricity as a child. He graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Swope, Gerard — born Dec. 1, 1872, St. Louis, Mo., U.S. died Nov. 20, 1957, New York, N.Y. U.S. business leader. After graduating from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he joined Western Electric in 1895 and became a director in 1913. He was made… …   Universalium

  • Swope, Gerard — (1872 1957)    American electrical engineer and philanthropist. He was born in St Louis. He became president of the International General Electrical Company …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Swope, Gerard — (1 dic. 1872, St. Louis, Mo., EE.UU.–20 nov. 1957, Nueva York, N.Y.). Líder empresarial estadounidense. Después de graduarse en el Massachusetts Institute of Technology, ingresó a Western Electric Co. Inc. en 1895 y pasó a ser director en 1913.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Swope — is a surname that refers to: *Earl Swope (1922–1968), American jazz trombonist; brother of Rob Swope *Gerard Swope (1872–1957), American businessman; president of General Electric 1922–44 *Guy J. Swope (1892–1969), American politician from… …   Wikipedia

  • Gerard — López Segú, conocido por su nombre de pila, Gerard , es un futbolista catalán del FC Barcelona, campeón de la Liga española de fútbol en la temporada 2004 2005. Nacido en Granollers (Barcelona) el 12 de marzo de 1979, es el menor de una saga de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gerard — /jeuh rahrd /, n. Also, Gérard. a male given name, form of Gerald. * * * (as used in expressions) Gerard Adams David Gerard Gerard Dou Anton Herman Gerard Fokker Hopkins Gerard Manley Gerard Kremer Gerard of Burgundy Swope Gerard Terborch Gerard… …   Universalium

  • Gérard — /zhay rddahrdd /, n. Comte Étienne Maurice /kawonnt ay tyen moh rddees /, 1773 1852, French marshal under Napoleon. * * * (as used in expressions) Gerard Adams David Gerard Gerard Dou Anton Herman Gerard Fokker Hopkins Gerard Manley Gerard Kremer …   Universalium

  • Gerard Swope — (December 1, 1872 November 20, 1957) was a U.S. electronics businessman. He served as the president of General Electric Company between 1922 and 1939, and again from 1942 until 1944. During this time Swope expanded GE s product offerings,… …   Wikipedia

  • SWOPE, HERBERT BAYARD — (1882–1958), U.S. journalist and public official; brother of gerard swope . One of the leading newspapermen of his time, he continued to exert wide influence for 30 years after his retirement from journalism. A man of colorful personality and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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