Taft, Robert Alphonso

(1889-1953)
   Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Robert A. Taft was the son of William Howard Taft, president of the United States from 1908 to 1912 and chief justice on the Supreme Court from 1921 to 1930. Taft graduated from Yale University in 1910 and Harvard Law School in 1913. He practiced law in Cincinnati and during World War I worked with Herbert Hoover at the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. He returned to his law practice after the war but was elected as a Republican to the Ohio state legislature in 1921, where he served until 1930 when he was elected to the state senate. Taft was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1938 and was an outspoken critic of the New Deal and a defender of what was seen as traditional values of individualism. He was also an isolationist and opposed the revisions to the neutrality legislation in the late 1930s, the Lend-Lease Act, and the Destroyers-for-Bases Agreement. Although once in the war Taft supported the effort, he nonetheless appeared to be in favor of a negotiated peace with Germany. Taft was reelected in 1944, and after the war he continued to oppose big government but accepted federal aid to education, federal housing programs, and even national health provision. He maintained his isolationist position and did not see the Soviet Union as a threat. While he accepted the United Nations (UN), he opposed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and involvement in the Korean War. He also criticized President Harry S. Truman’s policy toward China and as part of the China lobby accused the president of being “soft on communism.” He also supported Joseph McCarthy’s attacks on the administration. However, Taft’s most significant contribution to postwar politics was the Taft-Hartley Act of 1947, aimed to curb the power of trade unions. Although he was seen as “Mr. Republican,” Taft failed to win his party’s nomination for the presidency in 1940 and again in 1948 and 1952. He died of cancer in 1953.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Robert Alphonso Taft — (* 8. September 1889 in Cincinnati, Ohio; † 31. Juli 1953 in New York City) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Mitglied der Republikanischen Partei. Er entstammt der berühmten Taft Familie aus Ohio, die seit dem 18. Jahrhundert in Ohio lebt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Taft, Robert A. — ▪ American politician in full  Robert Alphonso Taft  born Sept. 8, 1889, Cincinnati, Ohio, U.S. died July 31, 1953, New York, N.Y.  Republican leader in the U.S. Senate for 14 years (1939–53) whose espousal of traditional conservatism won him the …   Universalium

  • Robert Taft — Robert Alphonso Taft (8 septembre 1889 31 juillet 1953) était un homme politique américain, membre du parti républicain, sénateur de l Ohio au Sénat des États Unis de 1939 à 1953 et candidat aux primaires présidentielles du parti républicain en… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Taft — /taft/, n. 1. Lorado /leuh ray doh/, 1860 1936, U.S. sculptor. 2. Robert A(lphonso) /al fon soh/, 1889 1953, U.S. lawyer and political leader (son of William Howard). 3. William Howard, 1857 1930, 27th president of the U.S. 1909 13; Chief Justice …   Universalium

  • Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Robert Taft — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Robert Alphonso Taft Retrato de Robert Taft pintado por Rudolf Anton Bernatschke …   Wikipedia Español

  • Taft — bezeichnet: ein Gewebe aus Seide oder Kunstseide; siehe Taft (Gewebe) Drei Wetter Taft, eine Marke für Haarpflegeprodukte des Henkel Konzerns das US amerikanische Taft Hartley Gesetz einen Nebenfluss der Ulster in der Rhön, siehe Taft (Ulster)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Taft — [taft], der; [e]s e: matt glänzender, ziemlich steifer Stoff aus Seide oder Kunstfaser: ein Kleid aus Taft; der Mantel ist mit Taft gefüttert. * * * Tạft 〈m. 1〉 1. 〈Textilw.〉 steifer, glänzender Seiden od. Halbseidenstoff für Kleider u. als… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Taft family — The Taft family of the United States hails from Cincinnati, Ohio with historic origins in Massachusetts; its members have served Ohio, Massachusetts, Vermont, Rhode Island, Utah, and the United States in various positions, such as Governor of… …   Wikipedia

  • Robert A. Taft — Ölbildnis Robert A. Tafts. Dieses Ölbildnis befindet sich im Original in den Räumlichkeiten des US Senats, dem Taft lange Zeit angehörte. Dieses Bild ist nicht das ovale Porträt, welches ihm zu Ehren an einem besonderen Platz im Senat gemeinsam… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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