Taft-Hartley Act, 1947
- Named after the respective chairmen of the two congressional labor committees, Senator Robert A. Taft and representative Fred L. Hartley Jr., the Taft-Hartley Act, also known as the Labor-Management Relations Act, was passed over President Harry S. Truman’s veto on 23 June 1947. The measure was introduced following a wave of strikes in 1946 and increasing criticism of trade unions. The Republican Party’s victories in the congressional elections that year gave conservatives the majorities to enact legislation to curb labor. The act increased the membership of the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) from three to five, made it illegal for workers to impose a closed shop, only allowed a union shop after a majority vote of all employees. The act required workers to agree in writing for union dues to be deducted from paychecks, prohibited secondary strikes, and banned strikes among federal employees. To prevent “wildcat” strikes, the act required an 80- day cooling-off period. Unions and employers were both prohibited from using coercive measures. The act also prevented unions from contributing directly to political campaigns, and it required union leaders to file affidavits confirming that they were not members of the Communist Party of the United States of America before they could apply to the NLRB.The Taft-Hartley Act became the focus of trade union opposition and in 1948 threw support behind Truman in the election campaign. While the act remains on the statute books, it has not had the limiting force that many anticipated.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.
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Taft-Hartley Act — [ tæft hɑːtlɪ , auch tɑːft ], eigentlich Labor Management Relations Act [ leɪbə mænɪdʒmənt rɪ leɪʃnz ækt »Gesetz (zur Regelung) der Beziehungen zwischen Arbeitnehmern und Arbeitgebern«], von Senator R. A. Taft und dem republikanischen… … Universal-Lexikon
Taft-Hartley Act — n. A federal law enacted in 1947 as an addition to the National Labor Relations Act, giving employers increased rights in labor disputes. The Essential Law Dictionary. Sphinx Publishing, An imprint of Sourcebooks, Inc. Amy Hackney Blackwell. 2008 … Law dictionary
Taft–Hartley Act — The Labor–Management Relations Act, informally the Taft–Hartley Act, is a United States federal law greatly restricting the activities and power of labor unions. The Act, still effective, was sponsored by Senator Robert Taft and Representative… … Wikipedia
Taft-Hartley Act — The Wagner Act was amended in 1947 by the Taft Hartley Act to balance some of the advantages given to unions under the Wagner Act by imposing corresponding duties on unions. Principal changes imposed by the Act included the following: abolishment … Black's law dictionary
Taft-Hartley Act — A Federal law that was enacted in 1947 that prohibited certain union practices and required improvement in union disclosure of financial and political dealings. Basically, the Taft Hartley act is an outline of the Federal government s… … Investment dictionary
Taft-Hartley Act — /taft hahrt lee/ an act of the U.S. Congress (1947) that supersedes but continues most of the provisions of the National Labor Relations Act and that, in addition, provides for an eighty day injunction against strikes that endanger public health… … Universalium
Taft–Hartley Act — ▪ United States  formally Labor–Management Relations Act (1947), in U.S. history, law enacted over the veto of Pres. Harry S. Truman amending much of the pro union Wagner Act of 1935. A variety of factors, including the fear of… … Universalium
Taft-Hartley Act — /taft hahrt lee/ an act of the U.S. Congress (1947) that supersedes but continues most of the provisions of the National Labor Relations Act and that, in addition, provides for an eighty day injunction against strikes that endanger public health… … Useful english dictionary
taft-hartley (act) — 1947 law that amended the Wagner Act (1935), protecting the rights of workers to join unions and allowing government injunctions to stop strikes in times of national emergencies … American business jargon
(the) Taft-Hartley Act — the Taft Hartley Act [the Taft Hartley Act] an important US law passed in 1947 to restrict strikes. It gave the US President the power to stop strikes for 80 days if they represented a national emergency. It also set up a special committee to… … Useful english dictionary