Taylor, Maxwell Davenport

(1901-1987)
   Born in Missouri, Maxwell Taylor graduated from West Point in 1922 and joined the Army Corps of Engineers. He held several minor positions during the interwar years and attended the Army War College in 1939. As commander of the 101st Airborne Division during World War II, Taylor took part in the campaign in Sicily and, operating behind the lines in Rome, successfully prevented a parachute drop into areas covered by German troops. He was the first general to land in France when he parachuted into Normandy on D-Day on 6 June 1944. After the war, he was superintendent of West Point until 1949, when he took command of the Allied forces in Berlin, a position he held until 1951. In 1953, he took command of the Eight Army in the Korean War and was involved in the last major battle of the war. From 1955 to 1959, Taylor was army chief of staff. However, he disagreed with President Dwight D. Eisenhower’s “New Look” defense policy with its reliance on nuclear power and massive retaliation and retired in 1959. He outlined his views in The Uncertain Trumpet published in 1960. In 1961, Taylor became President John F. Kennedy’s personal military adviser and from 1962 to 1964 chair of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Having gone to Vietnam on a fact-finding tour, Taylor initially recommended the use of U.S. ground troops in Vietnam but later argued in favor of bombing the North and key targets rather than a further escalation of the war. He became a special consultant to the president and chair of the Foreign Intelligence Advisory Board and later president of the Institute for Defense Analyses. His autobiography, Swords and Plowshares, was published in 1972.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Taylor, Maxwell Davenport — ▪ United States army officer born August 26, 1901, Keytesville, Missouri, U.S. died April 19, 1987, Washington, D.C.  U.S. Army officer who became a pioneer in airborne warfare in Europe during World War II.  A 1922 graduate of the United States… …   Universalium

  • Taylor, Maxwell (Davenport) — (26 ago. 1901, Keytesville, Mo., EE.UU.–19 ago. 1987, Washington, D.C.). Oficial de ejército estadounidense. Egresó de West Point y al comienzo de la segunda guerra mundial colaboró en la organización de la primera división aerotransportada del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Taylor, Maxwell (Davenport) — born Aug. 26, 1901, Keytesville, Mo., U.S. died April 19, 1987, Washington, D.C. U.S. army officer. He graduated from West Point and helped organize the army s first airborne division early in World War II. He commanded a parachute assault in the …   Universalium

  • Maxwell Davenport Taylor — Maxwell D. Taylor Maxwell Davenport Taylor (* 26. August 1901 in Keytesville, Missouri; † 19. April 1987) war General und Diplomat der Vereinigten Staaten. Leben Der Aufstieg Taylors zu den höchsten Kreisen der US Regierung begann unter den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maxwell Davenport Taylor — Maxwell D. Taylor Maxwell D. Taylor en combinaison de parachutiste Naissance 26 août 1901 Keytesville …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maxwell Taylor — Maxwell D. Taylor Maxwell Davenport Taylor (* 26. August 1901 in Keytesville, Missouri; † 19. April 1987) war General und Diplomat der Vereinigten Staaten. Leben Der Aufstieg Taylors zu den höchsten Kreisen der US Regierung begann unter den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Maxwell D. Taylor — Maxwell Davenport Taylor (* 26. August 1901 in Keytesville, Missouri; † 19. April 1987 in Washington, D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer General und Diplomat. Leben Der Aufstieg Taylors begann …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Taylor — Taylor, Brook Taylor, Elisabeth Taylor, Frederich Winslow Taylor, Robert Taylor, teorema de * * * (as used in expressions) Coleridge, Samuel Taylor Farnsworth, Philo T(aylor) Ricketts, Howard T(aylor) Taylor, Dame Elizabeth (Rosemond) Taylor,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Taylor — /tay leuhr/, n. 1. A(lan) J(ohn) P(ercivale), 1906 90, English historian. 2. Bayard /buy euhrd, bay /, (James Bayard), 1825 78, U.S. poet, novelist, and travel writer. 3. Brook, 1685 1731, English mathematician. 4. Cecil (Percival), born …   Universalium

  • Maxwell D. Taylor — General Maxwell Taylor. Maxwell Davenport Taylor (26 de agosto de 1901 – 9 de abril de 1987) fue un militar y diplomático estadounidense, nacido en Keytesville, Missouri, graduado de la Academia Militar en 1922. Durante la Segunda Guerra Mundial …   Wikipedia Español

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