Led by engineer Howard Scott, the technocracy movement appeared in the early 1930s and proposed that only trained and qualified engineers could ensure the full and efficient use of the nation’s industrial power and natural resources. They argued that machinery could replace manual labor. They proposed that the natural resources of the country be divided equally through “energy certificates” that would replace money. Scott established Technocracy, Inc., but exposés about his lack of qualifications and shady past undermined his credibility. Moreover, once the New Deal began to take effect, faith in political action was to some extent restored.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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