Thomas, Norman Mattoon

(1884-1968)
   Socialist Party of America leader Norman Thomas studied politics under Woodrow Wilson at Princeton University and then turned to theology. He was a Presbyterian pastor and worked in the New York settlement houses until 1918. A pacifist, Thomas opposed entry into World War I and was one of the founders of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, a group of pacifist clergymen. He was also one of the founders of the American Civil Liberties Union. He was an associate editor of The Nation from 1921 to 1922 and codirector of the League of Industrial Democracy from 1922 to 1937. He ran unsuccessfully as the socialist candidate in the New York gubernatorial campaign in 1924 and as the party’s presidential candidate in 1928, 1932, and 1936, offering a moderate, non-Marxist brand of socialism critical of Soviet-style communism. Thomas initially worked to keep the United States out of the war in Europe and was a founding member of the America First Committee, but after 1941 he supported the war effort, although he opposed certain government policies, like the internment of Japanese Americans. He was the socialist presidential candidate again in 1940, 1944, and 1948 but later suggested that the party should abandon such campaigns and support progressive Democrats. Thomas resigned his official positions in the party in 1955, while continuing as its leading spokesman. In his later years, he spoke out against U.S. military involvement in Vietnam.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Thomas,Norman Mattoon — Thomas, Norman Mattoon. 1884 1968. American socialist leader. A founder of the American Civil Liberties Union (1920), he was the Socialist Party candidate for President six times between 1928 and 1948. * * * …   Universalium

  • Thomas, Norman (Mattoon) — (20 nov. 1884, Marion, Ohio, EE.UU.–19 dic. 1968, Huntington, N.Y.). Reformador social y político estadounidense. Fue ordenado ministro presbiteriano y ejerció como pastor de la iglesia de East Harlem de Nueva York. En 1918 ingresó al Partido… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas, Norman (Mattoon) — born Nov. 20, 1884, Marion, Ohio, U.S. died Dec. 19, 1968, Huntington, N.Y. U.S. social reformer and politician. He was ordained a Presbyterian minister and became pastor of New York s East Harlem Church. He joined the Socialist Party in 1918 and …   Universalium

  • Norman Mattoon Thomas — (* 20. November 1884 in Marion, Ohio; † 19. Dezember 1968) war ein führender amerikanischer Sozialist und sechsfacher Präsidentschaftskandidat für die Sozialistische Partei Amerikas. Thomas wurde als Sohn eines presbyterianischen Pfarrers in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Norman Mattoon Thomas — noun United States socialist who was a candidate for president six times (1884 1968) • Syn: ↑Thomas, ↑Norman Thomas • Instance Hypernyms: ↑socialist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas — /tom euhs/ for 1, 2, 4 14; /taw mah / for 3, n. 1. an apostle who demanded proof of Christ s Resurrection. John 20:24 29. 2. Augustus, 1857 1934, U.S. playwright, journalist, and actor. 3. (Charles Louis) Ambroise /shannrddl lwee ahonn brddwannz… …   Universalium

  • Norman — /nawr meuhn/, n. 1. a member of that branch of the Northmen or Scandinavians who in the 10th century conquered Normandy. 2. Also called Norman French. one of the mixed Scandinavian and French people who inhabited Normandy and conquered England in …   Universalium

  • Thomas — noun 1. the Apostle who would not believe the resurrection of Jesus until he saw Jesus with his own eyes • Syn: ↑Saint Thomas, ↑St. Thomas, ↑doubting Thomas, ↑Thomas the doubting Apostle • Instance Hypernyms: ↑Apostle, ↑saint …   Useful english dictionary

  • Norman — (as used in expressions) Bethune, (Henry) Norman Borlaug, Norman (Ernest) Bowen, Norman L(evi) Steven Norman Carlton Chamberlain, Wilt(on Norman) Lear, Norman (Milton) Mailer, Norman Manley, Michael (Norman) Norman, Greg(ory John) Norman, Jessye… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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