Thurmond, (James) Strom

   Born in Edgefield, South Carolina, Strom Thurmond graduated with a degree in horticulture from Clemson College in 1923. After working as a farmer, teacher, and athletics coach, he became education superintendent in Edgefield in 1929. Having been admitted to the bar in 1930, he became the Edgefield town and country attorney that year until 1938. He also served in the state senate from 1933 to 1938, when he became a circuit court judge. Thurmond resigned to join the army in 1941 and won a number of awards for his military service. After World War II, Thurmond was elected as the Democratic governor of South Carolina, but in 1948 he ran as presidential candidate for the States’ Rights Party against Harry S. Truman because of the president’s racial policies. Committed to segregation, Thurmond carried four states and won 39 Electoral College votes with more than 1 million votes. He was defeated in the campaign for the U.S. Senate in 1950 but in 1954 became the first candidate to be elected to the Senate in a write-in vote. He stood for reelection in 1956 and won. He served until his retirement in 2003 as the oldest person to have sat in the Senate. In 1957, Thurmond broke the record for the longest filibuster when he spoke for over 24 hours against the 1957 Civil Rights Act. In 1964, he switched allegiance to the Republican Party. In the 1970s, Thurmond accepted integration, and after his death a black woman was acknowledged by his family as his illegitimate daughter.
   See also Civil rights.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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  • Thurmond, (James) Strom — born Dec. 5, 1902, Edgefield, S.C., U.S. died June 26, 2003, Edgefield U.S. politician and senator (1954–2003). He served as a South Carolina state senator (1933–38) and circuit court judge (1938–41). As governor (1947–51), he expanded the state… …   Universalium

  • Thurmond, (James) Strom — (5 dic. 1902, Edgefield, S.C., EE.UU.–26 jun. 2003, Edgefield, S.C.). Político y senador estadounidense (1955–2003). Fue senador en el sistema legislativo de Carolina del Sur (1933–38) y juez de circuito (1938–41). Como gobernador (1947–51),… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • James Strom Thurmond — Dieser Artikel wurde auf den Seiten der Qualitätssicherung des Projektes Politiker eingetragen. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und beteilige dich an der Diskussion! Folgendes muss noch verbessert werden: Artikelgliederung ist völlig wirr, Amtszeit… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Strom Thurmond — ➡ Thurmond * * * …   Universalium

  • Strom Thurmond — James Strom Thurmond (* 5. Dezember 1902 in Edgefield, South Carolina; † 26. Juni 2003 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1947 bis 1951 Gouverneur von South Carolina. Außerdem vertrat er diesen Bundesstaat …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James — James, Henry James, Henry James, William * * * (as used in expressions) Agee, James Anderson, (James) Maxwell Audubon, John James Baldwin, James (Arthur) Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1 conde Ballard, J(ames) G(raham) Barrie, Sir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Strom Thurmond — Infobox Officeholder name = James Strom Thurmond imagesize = 220px small caption = order = United States Senator from South Carolina term start = November 7, 1956 term end = January 3, 2003 predecessor = Thomas A. Wofford successor = Lindsey… …   Wikipedia

  • Strom Thurmond — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar …   Wikipedia Español

  • James — /jaymz/, n. 1. Also called James the Great. one of the 12 apostles, the son of Zebedee and brother of the apostle John. Matt. 4:21. 2. the person identified in Gal. 1:19 as a brother of Jesus: probably the author of the Epistle of St. James. 3.… …   Universalium

  • James Hamilton Jr. — James Hamilton, Jr. (* 8. Mai 1786 in Charleston, South Carolina; † 15. November 1857 im Golf von Mexiko) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und von 1830 bis 1832 Gouverneur von South Carolina. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Frühe Jahre und politischer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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