Treaty Of San Francisco, 1951

   Signed on 8 September 1951 by the United States and 48 nations representing the Allied powers— save the Soviet Union, which declined to attend—the Treaty of San Francisco officially brought a cessation of hostilities in World War II’s Pacific theater and restored Japan’s sovereignty. The treaty went into effect on 28 April 1952. It was controversial from the start in that while Japan renounced its various territorial claims over neighboring nations and territories and agreed to pay compensation to Allied civilians and prisoners of war, it did not provide reparation payments for Asian nations overrun by Japanese armies during the war. Neither communist nor nationalist, China was represented at the signing. Some of the clauses of the treaty have subsequently been challenged in U.S. courts. A separate agreement with Japan, signed on the same day, allowed U.S. troops to remain in the country.
   See also United States-Japanese Security Treaty.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

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