Vinson, Frederick Moore

(1890-1953)
   Born in Louisa, Kentucky, Fred Vinson graduated from Center College, Danville, in 1911 and became a lawyer and city attorney in his hometown. After briefly serving in the army during World War I, he returned to law but was elected to the House of Representatives as a Democrat in 1924. Although he lost the election in 1928, he was reelected in 1930 and served until 1937. While in Congress, Vinson became a close friend and associate of Harry S. Truman. In 1937, he was appointed to the U.S. Court of Appeals on the Washington, D.C., circuit.
   Vinson held a number of positions during World War II, including director of the Office of Economic Stabilization in 1943 and director of War Mobilization and Reconversion in 1945. After the war, President Truman appointed him secretary of the treasury, where he was responsible for supervising the repayment of lend-lease loans, and took part in the meetings at the Bretton Woods Conference that led to the creation of the International Monetary Fund. In 1946, Truman made him chief justice on the Supreme Court as a compromise between choosing either Robert Jackson or Hugo Black. As a result, Vinson had the task of trying to bring together opposing factions in the court, and he was not very successful. His court was associated with upholding various internal security measures, including the Smith Act in Dennis v. United States in 1951, and failing to hear the appeal of Ethel and Julius Rosenberg. None of his decisions were particularly memorable, but he was sympathetic toward civil rights issues relating to African Americans and wrote the opinion in Shelley v. Kraemer in 1948. Vinson died while in office.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vinson,Frederick Moore — Vin·son (vĭnʹsən), Frederick Moore. 1890 1953. American jurist who served as the chief justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1946 1953). * * * …   Universalium

  • Frederick Moore Vinson — Porträt von F. M. Vinson im Finanzministerium Frederick (Fred) Moore Vinson (* 22. Januar 1890 in Lawrence County, Kentucky; † 8. September 1953 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick Moore Vinson — noun United States jurist who served as chief justice of the Supreme Court (1890 1953) • Syn: ↑Vinson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chief justice …   Useful english dictionary

  • Frederick — /fred rik, euhr ik/, n. 1. a city in central Maryland. 27,557. 2. Also, Frederic. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning peace and ruler. * * * (as used in expressions) Ashton Sir Frederick William Mallandaine Frederick Austerlitz… …   Universalium

  • Moore — /moor, mawr, mohr/, n. 1. Archibald Lee (Archie), born 1916?, U.S. boxer. 2. Brian, born 1921, U.S. novelist. 3. Clement Clarke, 1779 1863, U.S. scholar and writer. 4. Douglas Stuart, 1893 1969, U.S. composer. 5. Eliakim Hastings /i luy euh kim/ …   Universalium

  • Frederick M. Vinson — Porträt von F. M. Vinson im Finanzministerium Frederick (Fred) Moore Vinson (* 22. Januar 1890 in Lawrence County, Kentucky; † 8. September 1953 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vinson, Fred M. — ▪ United States jurist in full  Frederick Moore Vinson   born Jan. 22, 1890, Louisa, Ky., U.S. died Sept. 8, 1953, Washington, D.C.  American lawyer and 13th chief justice of the United States, who was a vigorous supporter of a broad… …   Universalium

  • Vinson — noun United States jurist who served as chief justice of the Supreme Court (1890 1953) • Syn: ↑Frederick Moore Vinson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑chief justice …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vinson — biographical name Frederick Moore 1890 1953 American jurist; chief justice United States Supreme Court (1946 53) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Vinson — /vin seuhn/, n. Frederick Moore, 1890 1953, U.S. jurist: Chief Justice of the U.S. 1946 53. * * * …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.