Wallace, Henry Agard

   Henry A. Wallace was born in Iowa, the son of Henry C. Wallace, the secretary of agriculture in the administrations of Warren Harding and Calvin Coolidge during the 1920s. Like his father, he was interested in farming, and he graduated from Iowa State College of Agriculture in 1910. He then became associate and later senior editor of Wallace’s Farmer, later Iowa Homestead and Wallace’s Farmer. He was president of the Hi- Bred Seed Company from 1926 to 1933, and he helped develop the first hybrid seed corn for commercial use. During the 1920s, Wallace supported the unsuccessful McNary-Haugen proposal to have the federal government purchase farm surpluses to sell abroad.
   Although a Republican, Wallace supported Alfred E. Smith in 1928 and Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932. Once elected, Roosevelt appointed Wallace secretary of agriculture, and it was Wallace, assisted by Rexford Tugwell, who oversaw the introduction of the Agricultural Adjustment Act and other major pieces of farming legislation. His most significant achievement was securing the passage of the second Agricultural Adjustment Act of 1938.
   In 1940, Roosevelt chose Wallace as his vice presidential running mate. As vice president during World War II, he was chair of the Board of Economic Warfare and the Supply and Allocations Board. He also undertook goodwill visits to Latin America. Wallace’s vision of the postwar world was summed up in his Century of the Common Man speech and book of the same title in 1942. However, in 1944 he was dropped by the Democratic Party in favor of Harry S. Truman. Wallace instead was appointed secretary of commerce. He continued in this role under Truman following Roosevelt’s death but increasingly found himself at odds with the president over foreign policy and relations with the Soviet Union. He was dismissed in September 1946 and became editor of the New Republic, where he continued to be critical of Truman. In 1948, he ran for the presidency as the candidate for the Progressive Party but attracted only 1 million votes. He retired from politics to concentrate on his scientific agrarian work, developing improved strains of vegetables, fruit, and flowers.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wallace,Henry Agard — Wallace, Henry Agard. 1888 1965. Vice President of the United States (1941 1945) under Franklin D. Roosevelt. He ran for President in 1948 on the Progressive Party ticket. * * * …   Universalium

  • Wallace, Henry Agard — ► (1888 1965) Político estadounidense. Fue vicepresidente de E.U.A. en 1941 45 con Roosevelt …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henry Agard Wallace — (* 7. Oktober 1888 auf einer Farm in der Nähe von Orient, Adair County, Iowa, USA; † 18. November 1965 in Danbury, Connecticut, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zunächst Mitglied der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Agard Wallace — Henry Wallace Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wallace. Henry A. Wallace Henry Agard Wallace (7 octobre 1888 – …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wallace, Henry A. — ▪ vice president of United States in full  Henry Agard Wallace  born Oct. 7, 1888, Adair county, Iowa, U.S. died Nov. 18, 1965, Danbury, Conn.  33rd vice president of the United States (1941–45) in the Democratic administration of Franklin D.… …   Universalium

  • Henry A. Wallace — Henry Agard Wallace (* 7. Oktober 1888 bei Orient, Adair County, Iowa; † 18. November 1965 in Danbury, Connecticut) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker. Zunächst Mitglied der Republikanischen Partei …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry A. Wallace — Henry Wallace Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wallace. Henry A. Wallace Henry Agard Wallace (7 octobre 1888 – …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wallace — Wallace, Alfred Russell Wallace, Edgar Wallace, George Corley Wallace, Henry Agard Wallace, Lewis * * * (as used in expressions) Carothers, W(allace) H(ume) Eckert, Wallace J(ohn) Ross, Harold W(allace) Stegner, Wallace (Earle) Stevens, Wallace …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Henry Wallace — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Wallace. Henry A. Wallace Henry Agard Wallace (7 octobre 1888 – 18 novembre 1965) fut le 33 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Wallace — /wol is, waw lis/, n. 1. Alfred Russel /rus euhl/, 1823 1913, English naturalist, explorer, and author. 2. George Corley /kawr lee/, born 1919, U.S. politician: governor of Alabama 1963 67, 1971 79, and 1983 87. 3. Henry (Agard) /ay gahrd/, 1888… …   Universalium

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