War Labor Disputes Act, 1943
- Known as the Smith-Connally Act and passed over President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s veto in May 1943, the War Labor Disputes Act was in response to the wave of strikes affecting the U.S. war industry that year. The act made any strike that took place in a plant or mine on federal contracts before a 30-day “cooling-off” period and secret ballot of workers illegal. It empowered the National War Labor Board to adjudicate in such disputes and subpoena the parties involved. Although not particularly effective as a curb to trade unions, the act established a precedent for the Taft-Hartley Act in 1947.
Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . Neil A. Wynn . 2015.
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