Wayne, John

   Born Marion Robert (later Mitchell) Morrison in Iowa, actor John Wayne grew up in California, and after two years at the University of Southern California in 1927, he began working in film studios as an extra. In 1930, he appeared as John Wayne in The Big Trail. In 1939, he achieved his first major success and began a lifelong working relationship with director John Ford in Stagecoach.
   Exempted from military service during World War II due to his age, Wayne made a considerable number of films, including Reap the Wild Wind (1942), The Long Voyage Home (1940), and They Were Expendable (1945). It was after the war that his career really developed with Fort Apache (1948), Red River (1948), She Wore a Yellow Ribbon (1949), The Sands of Iwo Jima (1949), and Rio Grande (1950). He had the starring role in Ford’s The Quiet Man in 1952, again in The Searchers in 1956, and finally in The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962). Wayne produced some of his own films, including Big Jim McLain (1952) and The Alamo (1960). His conservative political outlook and outspoken patriotism was most obvious in the film he produced, directed, and starred in about Vietnam, The Green Berets (1968).
   In 1969, Wayne won an Oscar for Best Actor in True Grit, but his later films, with the exception of The Shootist (1976), were not highly regarded. His place in U.S. film history is best summed up in the inscription on the Congressional Medal of Honor awarded to him shortly before his death: “John Wayne, American.”
   See also Cinema.

Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era . . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wayne,John — Wayne, John. Known as “Duke.” 1907 1979. American film actor who played tough heroes in Westerns such as Stagecoach (1939), Red River (1948), and True Grit (1969), for which he won an Academy Award. * * * …   Universalium

  • Wayne, John — [ weın, dʒan ] a U.S. actor who played strong brave men, especially in COWBOY movies made between the 1930s and the 1970s …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • WAYNE, John — (1907–1979)    Born Marion Robert Morrison in Winterset, Iowa, John Wayne, nicknamed “the Duke,” is for many the name most associated with movie cowboys. A star University of Southern California football player, he turned a summer job as general… …   Westerns in Cinema

  • Wayne, John — orig. Marion Michael Morrison born May 26, 1907, Winterset, Iowa, U.S. died June 11, 1979, Los Angeles, Calif. U.S. film actor. While a member of the University of Southern California football team, he worked summers at the Fox Film Corporation… …   Universalium

  • Wayne, John — • УЭ ЙН (Wayne) Джон (наст. имя и фам. Мэрион Майкл Моррисон, Morrison) (26.5.1907 11.6.1979)    амер. актёр, режиссёр. Учился в ун те Юж. Калифорнии. В кино начинал с кон. 20 х гг. каскадёром. Первая значит. роль в ф. Большая тропа (1930), за к… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Wayne, John — ► (1907 79) Actor cinematográfico estadounidense. Fue el prototipo del hombre del Oeste, rudo y viril, a la vez que romántico y algo irónico. Películas: La diligencia (1939) y Río rojo (1948), entre otras. * * * orig. Marion Michael Morrison (26… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wayne, John — pseud. di Morrison, Marion Michael …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • John Wayne — bei einem Australien Besuch im Dezember 1943 John Wayne (* 26. Mai 1907 in Winterset, Iowa, Vereinigte Staaten; † 11. Juni 1979 in Los Angeles; geboren als Marion Robert Morrison, später umbenannt in Marion Michael Morrison) war ein US amerik …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Wayne — Wayne en The Challenge of Ideas (1961) Nombre real Marion Robert Morrison Nacimiento 26 de mayo de 1907 …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Ford (cinema) — John Ford Pour les articles homonymes, voir John Ford (homonymie). John Ford J …   Wikipédia en Français

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